Table of contents:
- General recommendations
- Where to begin?
- The concept of zero
- Learning to addition
- Education and subtraction countdown
- Multiplication and division
- Mental arithmetic
Teach the child's account is very important, as thisability in high demand in daily life. Indeed, just think how many times a day we have something to recalculate. In addition, the calculation of mathematical operations in their entirety only man is inherent. This is what distinguishes us from the animals. The earlier a child to learn to count, the more opportunities open for the development of the brain - through "in the mind" contributes to this. In short, mathematics classes are beneficial to the child's intelligence.
Parents interested in when you can begin to teachchildren count? You will understand when - you tell your child, beginning to show interest in the bank, and it often happens fairly early. Experts advise to begin training at the age of two years. In three or four years the child is quite capable to learn how to do simple math.
General recommendations for training account
- refers to the process of learning easy, do not twist the self as teach a child to be considered quite simple;
- do not let your child get bored, do not slow down the course of special sessions, try to interest the child;
- Be in a good mood;
- learning account your child should touch the items or move them from place to place - noticed that it speeds up the process of assimilation of the material;
- before each class repeat the material covered, spending about five minutes;
- Praise the child for success, but never scold or compare with anyone, do not say that someone better than him - you risk to permanently discourage the child's interest in employment;
- do not stop there.
Where to begin?
First you need to acquaint the child with the concepts"One" and "two", gradually teaching his account within ten. Figures are not yet used. Please note that we adults believe not as children. We can manipulate abstract concepts, while the children can not do this, the name for the baby figures are only words, so all you need to explain with an example. two identical objects Show your child. Pointing to one of them, say that it is "one" and said both together, say that it is "two". And continues: first teach a child to count to three, then five, gradually increase the number of objects up to ten, all the while reinforcing his words visually. Let you it may seem difficult for the child does all of this will look very logical. It will develop the child's creative thinking, and solve the problem of how to teach a child to count quickly.
It promotes rapid assimilation of new combinationlearning the game, so the baby looks into the essence effortlessly. Try to invent ever new ways to interest the child. For example, translated them toys, fingers, or the buttons of his shirt. It is important that the baby is constantly practiced in the lead. It is best to use for this purpose when walking: here there is always that count - trees, flowers, stones, machinery.
The concept of zero
Explain to the child what is important to zeroEven at an early stage of learning account, but not before he had to learn to count to ten. To show zero in practice, it is necessary first to show the presence of the object, and then its absence. The subject must be interesting for the child. Let it be candy. First, put on the table a few pieces, and then remove them from the table, saying it is now on the table zero chocolates.
Learning to addition
To teach the addition operation is not as hard asit seems at first glance. Learn to count on the illustrative example, the baby understands that every ordinal number is increased by one. Teaching to addition, always use the same terminology, such as "one plus three equals four" or "one plus three is four", but not all at once, try not to confuse the child a variety of notation. And do not forget about the visual confirmation of committed action. To consolidate the material is only two weeks.
Education and subtraction countdown
Now your child is confident and believes adds. Now is the time for training countdown. Intuitively, this should be demonstrated as follows: you start to count down, and every time you call the number, you remove one item from a field of view of a child. Having mastered the countdown, you can continue to the logical continuation - subtraction. At this stage the child is fully prepared.
Multiplication and division
When it comes time for more complex mathematical exercises - multiplication and division. You probably already teach a child to count to a hundred, and it has accumulated a decent base of information.
Multiplication - this multiple addition, explainthis child, and all at once will fall into place. Also gently explain the operation of division as the division into parts. Start standing with the division, "two", ie equally. Ask your child to share the same candy. Here you can explain to the child that is the odd and even number (even when it is possible to divide equally). Once the material is understood, move on to more complex examples, a division by three, four, etc.
The penultimate stage of training - to teach a childcorrelate the number of items with symbols, i.e. with numbers. Now you can use the account in teaching educational games with the image of numbers, for example, blocks with numbers where each number from the pictures. Only after the baby starts to understand the figures correctly, you can begin to solve the examples on paper. Then you need to draw an analogy between "equal", the "plus", "minus", etc. with their written designation -. "=", "+", "-".
The last thing that you need to learn - it is through the mind. First, a child called numbers and the numbers concerned the hands of subjects, and because of this he learned to count. But now, when skill is obtained, it is not necessary. Let the child tries considered quieter and quieter and does not use in counting hands, then let them only lip-synching. Maybe it will happen by itself, but maybe you need to ask your child about it. Do not rush your baby - all will eventually.
Much success to you and your child!