Table of contents:
- Teaching method
- The Russian method
- What signs indicate readiness crumbs to lure
- American method
- The classical scheme
In contrast, expression of the cat Matroskinfamous cartoon "Buttermilk" "Oh, something we are all without milk but no milk, and you can die ..." - young moms wonder if you need a long time to feed their offspring "all milk, but milk." When you can begin to introduce solid foods - food different products, giving the maximum amount of nutrients the baby, which also teaches him to independent food intake? Is there an ideal scheme of weaning the child?
Leading manufacturers of baby foodrecommend a set of such schemes. But in our country the most popular are three main methods of weaning kids: teaching, Russian and American.
A strange name for a method of feeding babies? However, its relative novelty and widespread in handy mums with children on natural, breast-feeding. He only vaguely reminiscent of the introduction of the scheme feeding the child, as it contains no refined recommendations for the combination of the individual products and their reception sequence.
The basic principle of the introduction of pedprikorma consideredinterest kid to "adult" food. This does not happen before the chubby little boy is 6 or 7 months. Noticing his curiosity can be, the child seated at the family table during a meal on its "corona" chair or just by taking hands.
At first, your baby will watch the process and foodget used to it. Over time, it will start to take an interest: and it is in the mother's or father's plate? He, too, will want to lick the parent "dishes". Normal feeding crumbs interested supporters dish offered to give him a "micro-doses": miserable kusochek- "pea" or a droplet on the tip of child (or tea) spoon.
Most likely, this will not cause food crumbsdelight: he begins to resent, and spit out the unusual "byaku" but will gradually get used to the unusual taste and aroma. Probably, most of the dishes will be his favorite. Teachers receive advises parents to carefully milled products, "microsizes" allows the child to try a product is not in the form of puree. However, giving your child a slice of fruit or bread crust, make sure that he was not carried away by "tasting" and choked.
This method is based on the children's interest. Acquaintance with the traditional family dishes gradually. If your baby is tired, she refuses to eat or just acting up, do not insist. In this case, do not rush things. Carry out the crumbs from the table, let rest, otherwise it will start to negatively perceive the process of eating and hunting her for a long time to try to discourage.
The amount of used products gradually bringing to 12 months to three teaspoons and crumb becomes a full taster diet family table.
Which have become favorite dishes interspersed with others. For example, I love mashed potatoes need a week to replace other useful garnish. Otherwise there is a risk of the daily feeding of children of potatoes that can permanently turn him from this product.
Advantages pedagogical foods
Pros and cons pedprikorma:
- A positive aspect of this practice is wonderfulappetite: the crumbs do not need to be persuaded to eat a little "for mom, for dad and for your favorite cat." Meals baby accept naturally, as a necessary and delicious rite.
- pedprikorma downside strict parents thinkadherence to a balanced, healthy, hypoallergenic diet. Although mega healthy habits, most families can afford to occasionally feast on grilled meat, marinated mushrooms, herring "under a fur coat" or smoked fish. To lure the same six-month toddler like "poison" is not even in the "microdozes".
The Russian method
Well-formed "Russian scheme" onToday there. There were recommendations to pediatricians Soviet times to introduce kids juices already three weeks old. But modern specialists treat them warily, as such an extreme "lure" can lead to early colitis and gastrointestinal diseases.
Disputes and supporters of the introduction of the gifts of nature inchildren's diet. Some argue for early breast-feeding fruit to "prepare" the baby to digest vegetables. Other, more experienced moms are advised to initially give crumbs grated vegetables. The kid who is not familiar with any product other than breast milk or a fortified blend with pleasure try cauliflower or zucchini fresh.
Starting with apple or apricot puree, you canfaced with a reluctance to eat the children of "unsweetened and therefore not very tasty", in his opinion, vegetables. But the main task of feeding crumbs to teach a full lunch or dinner, and does not turn them into dessert.
And when it is necessary to introduce solid foods? At forums and in daily life mom read and hear: "You're still on milk? In four months ?! "-" And my vengeance soup spoon cracks "or another option:" It is not necessary to 9 months give the baby solid foods, and even earn a diathesis or indigestion .. "These are the two extremes, but the right and those! and others.
What signs indicate readiness crumbs to lure
According to experts, the child's age is only one of many factors that determine its readiness to take a good unfamiliar products:
- Up to four calendar months immature pancreas does not produce enough of the enzymes needed for proper digestion of foods.
- From birth, the baby has doubled the initial weight. A premature baby earlier, increased its weight by 2.5 times.
- Scarce learned to drink from a spoon, without using the pusher reflex of his tongue. Lure in this case will fall into the mouth and saliva pass processing to facilitate its digestion.
- The child is no longer just sits confidently, but also the body leans forward, to the spoon, or leans back, showing their reluctance to continue the meal.
- Controlled by rotating or tilting the head than it can also show their agreement.
- Child-naturalist eats the contents of the right and left breast and does not eats. A bottle-fed baby uses already liter of mixture per day, but wants to also behave restlessly.
- If the child has developed grasping reflex, and he, holding the object in the cam, puts it in her mouth.
- The kid takes a keen interest in adult food, it tends to try it. Nature thus shows that the child can learn different food, so you need to diversify his diet a bit.
The scheme of weaning the child contains a few rules:
- Starting this useful exercise only a healthy baby or, if necessary, at his recovery and a normal stool;
- Lure chubby little boy is given only if the second breast;
- Food must be slightly warmed and fed her baby before feeding mother's milk or a mixture;
- Lure is always given with a spoon. Only vegetable soup can be thinned with milk and put the bottle to make it easier for the child to get used to the unusual taste;
- We start to introduce solid foods with low doses of 5-10 g (1-2 teaspoons), and then, within 14 days, bring to a number of age;
- A new kind of foods enter not earlier 10-14 days after the start feeding earlier;
- The initial liquid form of food must gain density with time;
- The first solid foods - mashed vegetables, the second - porridge of grains (gluten-free): rice, corn or buckwheat. We prepare them for half a dilute milk with water or with the usual formula.
- Factory baby food is provided an optimum amount of salt and sugar. Add these ingredients to be unnecessary.
The above advice pediatricians usuallymummies are seen to "cheers", until the time comes to feeding protein food: meat, fish, egg yolk and cheese. Rules and regulations on children's medicine specialists say that the meat is better to start with to give 7 months, the fish - 8, and cottage cheese and egg yolk can pamper babies since six months. However, often parents, reinsuring, shift early stages of feeding the dense protein food for two or three months.
In recent years, large-spreadtheory as possible breastfeeding: children not weaned from the mother's breast to 12 months or even up to two, three years of age. All is good, the mother's milk - is not only very nutritious, but also contains many protective components from harmful external factors. It is feared increase in the number of consultants, denying the benefit of feeding and recommending waived in favor of a single product - the mother's milk. Moreover, most of them can hardly boast of medical education.
This scheme of weaning a child born in the US, but has spread throughout the world, including in Russia.
The main feature of this approach is thatthat they begin to lure their children to the Americans with cereals. First it - odnozernovoe brew: rice or maize, enriched with iron, for better absorption. Prepare it in the water, the mother's milk or a mixture, which was used to the baby. The porridge do not add butter or sugar. Ready porridge "sin" by the presence of these ingredients is not quite right (fructose or glucose).
The consistency of porridge for feeding liquid is selected: 1 tsp cereals about 4 tablespoons water or low-fat milk.
Feed the baby porridge with a spoon, but afterreceiving maternal milk or mixtures thereof. Each type of cereal is introduced into the diet only after at least 10 days. Rice and corn replaces barley, then - oatmeal. While Americans do not eat buckwheat or millet porridge, these traditional cereals are introduced to complementary foods kids in Russia. Kashi from one kind of grain eventually replaced by combined. In six or seven months, the children are introduced to the diet of vegetable purees, and only then the fruits and juices squeezed out of them. Sometimes it is possible to enter the apples as an additive to the shopping porridge, but after a complete adaptation to her baby.
Norms of consumption of products for kids is verydifferent. Someone needs a very "good food", and someone grabs and small portions. Therefore, all the "average rates" adjusted 30% upwards or downwards depending on the crumbs of appetite.
The classical scheme
Choosing the right product to the kid, startingLure halves with a spoon in the first couple of days, then adjust the amount corresponding to the age of 50 or 60, with the first sign of rash, dry skin, swelling or pain in the stomach, loose stools abandon this product for 2-3 weeks. Another product is introduced only after the disappearance of these symptoms. If the lure is successful, then the next we introduce the product in 14 days. "The new dish" foods give chubby little boy in the first half of the day before the main breastfeeding or formula. It is necessary to drink high-quality baby nursery waters. Complete replacement feeding occurs when a small lure turns into a full day's worth.
- In half a year - cereal or vegetable puree (50 or 100 g);
- At 6 and a half months - if six months was a mess - vegetable puree, or vice versa (100 or 150 g);
- In 7 months - fruit puree (50 or 70 gday); dairy products homemade or children's food: yogurt, kefir, Narine - 100 grams per day; porridge diluted goat's or cow's milk mixed with water;
- At 8 months - cottage cheese (prepared fromyogurt or milk) - 50 g; egg yolk - part, twice a week; in mashed vegetables or porridge can add 0.5 tsp vegetable oil. When the child gets used to the several kinds of vegetables, you can try to make soup. Starting with 8 or 9 months, soups do not grind in a blender and mash with a fork, to toddler learned to chew. You can include in the diet of gray bread, biscuits, crackers and drying.
- In the 9 months - hypoallergenic kinds of meat: beef, turkey or rabbit. Meat sauce by cooking optional, factory product in jars has a delicate texture, favorite kids. Can a little salt product, it will improve its digestibility. Brees kiddies allowed only after a year and a half. Veal and chicken meat (including chicken meat) can cause allergies, so be entered with extreme care. Meat sauce begin with? tsp and bring to 50 or 70 g per day.
- In the 10-11 months - lean sea fish: hake, cod or pollack. 50 g once per 7 days. Children who suffer from allergies, fish is recommended only after 12 months.
- At 11 months - sour cream (or one pair of tsp) butter 0.5 teaspoon or 1ch.l. in porridge. The greens, onion, soup, cereal, and meat in the form of a soufflé or meatballs.
- In 12 months - all children's meals plus fresh juices mixed with water or baby factory juices, jelly, fruit drinks, herbal teas.
Properly selected lure baby forms inhis habit of healthy eating, produces harmonious metabolism, a positive effect on their physical and mental development. That is why it is so important to pay attention to such a serious period of life remains.