Stinging nettle: useful properties and applications in medicine


Probably more than a dozen generations of childhoodfrightened so famous punishment for a misdemeanor as "be othlёstannym nettles" ... The people it has many names: Lyugai, zhguchka, stable fly and even strekuchka! In folk medicine, it is not known as a deterrent and as a medicinal plant. Nettles used both for treatment and prevention of many diseases. Broth nettle reduce blood sugar levels, improve metabolism, have healing and many other activities. Widely use in the manufacture of nettle and natural cosmetics.

Help - nettle

Stinging nettle - a perennial herbaceousnettle plant of the family, has creeping root. Stems straight, tetrahedral, reach a height of 100 - 120 cm Leaves on the stalk grow opposite each other, are ovate-lantsetnovidnuyu form large, can reach 15 cm in length and 8 cm in width, around the perimeter of all the leaves are large teeth.. Leaves and stems are covered with rigid hairs of nettles with zhelёzkami that contain substances that irritate human skin. Flowers in small nettle, greenish, unisexual, clustered in branched inflorescences, which are located in the leaf axils. Fruit - small nuts yellow-gray. Flowering time - from the beginning of May to mid-autumn. The fruits appear from July until the first frost.

Stinging nettle: useful properties and applications in medicine

Where to find the nettles?

Nettle grows almost the entireRussia. With the exception of the Far North. Find it can be anywhere: in the trashcan and dumps near human settlements and farmyards, along roads, in ravines, on the banks of ponds, in wet woods, in bushes.

Features nettle collection

As a medicinal plant nettleoften used it leaves, roots, seeds. Going to collect nettles, bring a heavy gloves to protect your hands from burns and a paper bag or basket (but in any case not a plastic bag), in which you can add mined raw materials. Collecting medicinal plants along highways, railways, near industrial plants or in landfills categorically vospreschёn. Prior to the collection, make sure that you choose a place is environmentally friendly. When harvesting is necessary to pluck leaves from the top of the plant.

For harvesting the roots of the nettle plant should bedig, shake off the ground, after thoroughly rinsed under running water and trim the stems. cut the tops of the plants (2 weeks after the end of flowering) for harvesting the seeds. In order to correctly deliver the raw materials to the point of drying, lay it freely without utaptyvaya. Dry raw nettle can be in the attic, on the terrace, in the gazebo, it is in any place with good ventilation, but without access to direct sunlight, from which the leaves fade and lose some vitamins and other nutrients.

Stinging nettle: useful properties and applications in medicine

For drying raw materials must be very thin to scatterlayer. Correctly dried nettle leaf vein is located in the center, should break with a bang. After drying, remove the total weight of the browned leaves, pieces of stems, buds. Dry leaves should be dark green in color, with a rough surface, a smell and a bitter-grassy taste. Store raw materials needed in cardboard boxes or paper bags in a dry and regularly ventilated room. Shelf life - 2 years.

  • Contraindications: Increased blood clotting,hypertension, pregnancy, also can not use drugs nettle bleeding caused by a cyst, polyps and other tumors of the uterus and its appendages. It should also be very careful in the treatment of nettles patients with kidney disease.
  • Side effects: Even long-term use drugs nettle does not give side effects.

Recipes treating nettle

The infusion of nettle

  1. 2-3 tablespoons of raw nettlepour 0.5 cups of boiling water, to insist 2 hours, then strain. Divide infusion into three reception, drink it before each meal for the treatment of anemia, fatigue, nephritis, hepatitis.
  2. 60 g (6 tablespoons) of crushed raw materials(Flowers and leaves) nettle pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 40-60 minutes, then strain. Take the infusion for 1 glass before each meal with bronchitis, pyelonephritis.

Broth from worms

1 tablespoon of nettle root pour 500 mlof boiling water and put on fire, boil for 10 minutes, cool, strain. The resulting broth is divided into several portions and drink before each meal per day. The course of treatment - from 14 to 28 days.

Broth healing gathering for eczema

Mix 50 g (5 tablespoons) leavesnettle, dandelion root, hops cones, birch leaves and mint, add to the mixture 100 g of grass burdock. 20 g (2 tablespoons) of the resulting mixture, pour 400 ml of boiling water and simmer on low heat for 5 minutes, then cool and strain. Take 100 ml of the broth before each meal with eczema.

Cosmetics nettle

Nettle infusion Scalp

3 tablespoons chopped dry leavesnettle pour 1 cup water, leave for 30 minutes, then strain. Rub the scalp 1-2 times per week to impart and maintain a normal type scalp.

Tincture of dandruff, fat and hair loss

1 part fresh, washed and pre-driednettle leaves pour 10 parts of alcohol or vodka, insist in a warm place 8-10 days in the pot, lid tightly closed. After strain. Rub into the scalp 1-2 times a week to prevent or eliminate hair loss, dandruff and oily seborrhea.

Compress nettle for oily skin

2 tablespoons dried crushed leavesnettle pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, drain. The resulting infusion pat gauze and make a compress on oily skin to eliminate greasy.

Broth acetic nettle for hair

7 tablespoons chopped nettle leavesPour 500 ml of water with vinegar, put on fire and boil for 30 minutes. After strain the broth and cool. For oily dandruff rinse it with broth hair daily for 10 days.

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