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Headache, fever and stuffy nose ... be worseI can not do anything? Can! When rhinitis complicated by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses or sinusitis. Its danger is that the disease very quickly becomes chronic, and to treat it rather difficult and long. Most people think about the treatment of sinusitis as something incredibly horrible associated with taking strong antibiotics or even puncture the maxillary sinuses. I want to please you, that in reality it is not so scary, because you can just stop the inflammation and prevent the emergence of any complications.
What is sinusitis
There are small cavities in the walls of the skull,which contain the air - or sinusitis sinuses. They are covered with mucous, which protects the entire body from the penetration of viruses and bacteria. In addition, the sinusitis are directly involved in the air warming and air exchange.
The largest sinuses can be called the frontal and paranasal. Inflammation of the latter was called "sinusitis" and frontal inflammation - the "front".
Sinusitis can occur due to the highpredisposition of the individual. For example, the disease can cause: anatomical structure of sinusitis and nasal cavity, lifestyle and previous diseases. Quite often, due to the emergence of sinusitis acute over flu, Common cold, measles and other diseases.
Due to the swelling of the mucosa andinflammatory response very difficult microcirculation in the sinuses. Therefore, the main task of combating sinusitis can be called an investment outflow discharge from the nose.
Quite difficult to penetrateantibiotics in this area, because originally they fall into the stomach, there are absorbed and only the bloodstream reach the nose. There is a barrier to medication - edema and circulatory disorders. For this reason, various methods have to act in order to make the treatment effective.
In classical medicine used drugsand in some cases, surgical intervention. The first thing you need to do - to remove swelling of the mucous membrane with using drugs vasoconstrictor action. These include sprays, drops and inhalers. Just do not recommend more than 3-5 days in a row using them.
Next, in the course are anti-inflammatory andantimicrobials. They are used within three weeks. If such medical methods have not yielded the expected results, it is necessary to wash out the nasal cavity, that is to make a puncture sinus. This is done in order to pump out all the pus from the nose, sinus rinse and put in them the necessary drugs.
A large number of patients think that if theyproduce sinus puncture once, then all the time necessary to do so. In fact, when performed properly treatment to end, there is no need to repeat punctures. To date, the hospital immediately after making a puncture in his bosom put a catheter, through which is very convenient to do daily washing. This procedure does not require regular punctures and makes it possible to recover as soon as possible.
Symptoms of sinusitis
Usually, sinusitis manifested by symptoms (specifically related to the disease):
- headache, which gives teeth. Often the pain becomes much stronger in the early evening;
- the sensation of pain by pressing on the cheek or forehead;
- feeling of pressure or heaviness in the face;
- purulent nasal discharge;
- stuffy nose and nasal voice;
- increase in body temperature to 38 degrees;
- general malaise and weakness.
A definitive diagnosis is usually made afteras it was carried out X-ray or scan of the paranasal sinuses. Sinusitis is dangerous because the infection can be transferred to the departments which are located next to the skull and brain, even (in rare cases).
Treatment without antibiotics is possible
Some doctors believe that cure sinusitis, without using antibiotics, it is quite feasible task.
Due to the fact that in the area of the sinuses is very relaxedblood flow, the action of drugs, how powerful they would either have rather negligible. But from these severely affected the whole body: treatment with antibiotics is always accompanied by immunodeficiency.
How to stop sinusitis until such time as it is not yet started? For this purpose it is necessary to act directly on the mucosa of the sinuses. Doing this is quite possible, and at home:
- Herbal infusion or sea salt solutionwashing the sinuses. As grasses can use sage, heather, thistle and marigold. A very similar procedure is conveniently carried out using a small syringe. Repeat washing with at least four times a day.
- It is very important to prevent sinusitisdryness of mucous membranes. To moisten the mucous using homemade oil droplets. So, take the corn and olive oil in a ratio of 1: 1, let it brew for a day on St. John's wort, and then another 3 hours warm up on a water bath. Immediately after you wash out the nose drip itself is a means.
- Before going to bed, when all procedures are completed, at the place where the maxillary and frontal sinuses, apply a small amount of balm "asterisk".
For already over-dry and inflamed mucosashell there is nothing worse than drugs with vasoconstrictor activity. After all, they only lead to increased swelling, poor circulation and are a hindrance to the medication. For this reason, the reception they should only be carried out if, for this there are serious indications.
In general, to facilitate improved breathing andgeneral condition, can use the agents having an oily base. They create a thin film that prevents the mucosa of your nose strongly dry up.
This set of procedures should be done daily for 10 days. This will help to improve blood flow to the sinuses, remove from them all the contents, to prevent the appearance of edema and festering.