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A surprising and numerous family mulberryIt has incomplete data about 1000 kinds of wonderful plants collectively as rubber plants. Evergreens and deciduous fig-trees, lush trees and low-growing shrubs, a variety of vines - it is not the whole list of the metamorphosis of this unique plant. In earlier times, it was considered a sign of prosperity and calm atmosphere in the home, the symbol of comfort and domesticity. Later, he was expelled from the apartments, as a representative of the bourgeoisie and petty-bourgeois ideology. However, he again returned to us, and, fortunately, has become more multifaceted.
If the question arises, how to care for a ficus,you should know that these plants are unpretentious, and care for them is practically reduced to watering and spraying the leaves. Moreover, the rules are the same for all kinds of plants, of course, there are some features, but they are few. Ficus is getting used to his place and change it very disturbing, so it is best to allocate to your pet once a permanent place. To transfer, move and disturb this plant is not recommended. The only thing that he brings peace, that when his summer bring to the open air, loggia, balcony, terrace.
Among all kinds of plants and the firstholds a place of honor takes Ficus Elastica. The great and mighty tree growing in his homeland in India thirty meters in height, with leaves up to 1 meter, the shadow of the crown in the afternoon can cover an area greater than one hectare of land. No less remarkable and the roots of this plant - they are twisting, flat on the board type, and rise above the ground 2 meters.
"Domesticated" elastica ficus tryreduce in size and stop its growth. To do this, the plant reaches a height of one meter and a half, he cut the tip, and growth immediately slowed down, with the awakening begins underlying kidney and growth are side shoots. After two years, is cut (this time) have side branches, which contributes to the formation of lush crown. After some time thereafter, at the cut starts to separate sap, it should be removed by conventional blotting paper. In principle, this is the most important process in the care of this type of ficus.
All other procedures do not differ from the usual care for plants the mulberry family.
Standard temperature for their content - 15to 25 degrees. Ficus do not like drafts and respond poorly to overcooling the roots, so they are not recommended to put on the cold floor or next to a window sill. They like light, especially variegated varieties, summer Ficus must be protected from the direct rays of the bright sun. Plant with green leaves with bright and dark adapt completely to the dark place and away from windows.
Water the ficus rubber on asdrying the top layer of the earth, warm the settled or filtered water, this kind does not like waterlogged (may start shedding leaves). Fertilizers, mainly nitrogen, is made from March to September every two weeks. The rubber ficus need to spray water daily (room temperature), and every month to arrange a warm shower, the dust leaves of the plant is rubbed with a damp cloth or sponge once a week.
To the surprise of many people, ficus Benjamin hasbetter known ancient name - the fig tree, and has more than 800 species - bushes, shrubs, vines and trees. Among these types of well-known and figs and fig.
Indoor Ficus Benjamin - is evergreentree up to 4 m high with thin downcast shoots, from which the light coming down aerial roots. Benjamin leaves oval - egg-shaped, green, leathery and beautifully shiny. There is a variegated form of Variegata - from pure white or cream-colored leaves with spots of white irregularly shaped.
Like all the rubber plants, it survives perfectly at homeconditions are not demanding to light, perfectly brings dry air. This ficus need to repot every year. In the event of a sudden leaf fall look for the reason you need a lack of light or change the conditions to which the plant is accustomed.
This heat-loving plant, used totemperature of 12-18 ° C, and in the winter it must be placed in rooms with heaters, and in the summer exhibit in the open air - in the garden or on the loggia, balcony. The direct bright sunlight the plant are taught gradually and cautiously. All other care procedures are similar to the same as for the ficus rubber.
As robusta moved to a new residence
Robusta Homeland tropical and subtropical forests,this is one of the hardiest plants of the genus Ficus. However, Robusta does not like to move. Therefore, transporting it to the plant itself, you need to follow certain rules. First of all, the plant is necessary to find a permanent place, necessarily protected from the direct rays of the sun, as robusta prefer partial shade. Daily spraying as necessary (if the indoor humidity - it is possible to do without this procedure).
The next day, check,whether enough moist soil in a pot, and pour if necessary. If robusta hit the house in a plastic pot, then it must be transplanted within a few weeks. In Robusta periodically dry up and fall off the leaves from the bottom - it is characteristic of this plant phenomenon. In spring plant makes new shoots. Excessive amounts of water can cause root rot and the appearance of dark or black spots on the leaves.
Beautiful evergreen plant varietyficus microcarpa with shiny leaves up to 10 cm, bonsai, as well as all the rubber plants, does not like change and relocations. Therefore, in the first days at the new place of bonsai should be given maximum attention. Unlike other kinds of figs bright leaf ficus microcarpa bonsai thrives away from the window, a penumbra "Becomes Her." At the same time, it should not be placed near the battery to excessive dryness, or drafts.
The best way to prepare for a permanent and bonsaiprotected from the sun spot. Spray it should be every 3 days, and start from the first day. From the transport plastic bonsai pot to be transplanted in a real pot a couple of weeks. If in the first days of stay in the new place ficus leaves begin to drop, it is not scary, is he displeased with the move and informs about it. It must continue to be sprayed and watered, and after a while the new leaves appear. Water the bonsai all year round, the settled water. In winter, more moderate, and in the spring and summer - richly. In addition, the leaves mikrokarpy bonsai need to spray and wipe with a damp sponge or cloth.
So how to properly care for the householdficus means primarily determine the appropriate place and the small kinks Ficus benjamina, in need of it. Miniature view of figs with small, but very beautiful motley leaves up to 3-4 cm in length, usually sold for a few barrels in the same pot, its height reaches just 15 centimeters. If it is transplanted directly into the large pot, he can not shed their leaves, in contrast to all the figs, "nervously" respond to transplantation, change seats and drafts.
If kinks gently and gradually twistingtrunks, then over time the bush will be slender and fluffy. It should be noted that the direct rays of the sun, even the gentle rays of the morning to dwarf plants are harmful. Sunburn can cause defoliation, and before that they can wrinkle and darken. And it must be watered with care, so as not to have started to rot the roots.